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How to clean mattress at home without vacuum?

We spend about a third of our lives sleeping, which makes our mattresses a haven for dust, dirt, and allergens. Keeping your mattress clean is not only essential for hygiene but also for ensuring a good night’s sleep. However, not everyone has access to a vacuum cleaner or prefers to use one for mattress cleaning.

In this post, we will explore effective ways to clean your mattress without using a vacuum cleaner. So, let’s dive in and discover alternative methods to keep your mattress fresh, clean, and cozy.

Table of Contents

Preparing for Mattress Cleaning

Before embarking on the mattress cleaning journey, it’s important to prepare properly. Start by gathering the necessary supplies such as clean cloths, mild detergent, baking soda, hydrogen peroxide, vinegar, and essential oils. These supplies will come in handy during the cleaning process.

Next, strip your bed of all beddings and linens, including pillowcases and mattress protectors. Place them in the laundry to ensure they are fresh and clean when you put them back on the mattress.

If you notice any stains or spills on your mattress, now is the time to tackle them. Blot the stains gently with a clean cloth and a mixture of mild detergent and warm water. Avoid saturating the mattress with excessive moisture, as it may lead to mold and mildew growth.

Dry Cleaning Methods

Dry cleaning methods are excellent for freshening up your mattress and removing surface dirt and odors. They are particularly useful when vacuum cleaners are not available. Let’s explore a few effective dry cleaning methods:

1. Baking Soda and Essential Oils

Baking Soda

Baking soda combined with essential oils can be used as a dry-cleaning method for freshening and deodorizing various surfaces.

Mix baking soda with a few drops of your preferred essential oil in a container. Stir well to distribute the oil evenly throughout the baking soda. Sprinkle the mixture onto carpets, rugs, upholstery, or other fabrics that need freshening.

Let it sit for a while to allow the baking soda to absorb odors, and then vacuum thoroughly to remove the powder. Baking soda acts as a natural deodorizer, while essential oils provide a pleasant scent.

2. Cornstarch for Odor Removal


Cornstarch is an effective dry-cleaning method for absorbing and neutralizing odors.

Sprinkle cornstarch generously onto surfaces such as carpets, upholstery, or even inside shoes or closets. Allow it to sit for a few hours or overnight, giving it time to absorb the odors. Afterward, vacuum or wipe away the cornstarch.

Cornstarch helps to absorb moisture and eliminate unpleasant smells, leaving your items refreshed.

3. Using Steam to Sanitize the Mattress

using steam cleaner to clean mattress

Using a steam cleaner with an appropriate attachment, such as a fabric steamer or upholstery nozzle, direct the steam across the entire surface of the mattress.

The high temperature of the steam helps kill bacteria, dust mites, and other allergens. It also helps to remove odors and freshen the mattress.

Ensure that you follow the manufacturer’s instructions for your steam cleaner and allow the mattress to dry completely before using it again.

Wet Cleaning Methods

Wet cleaning methods are suitable for tackling tougher stains and spills on your mattress. These methods help deep clean the mattress by breaking down stains and eliminating odors. Here are a few effective wet cleaning methods:

1. Vinegar and Water Solution

Mix equal parts of white vinegar and water in a spray bottle. This solution can be used to clean windows, glass surfaces, countertops, and other hard surfaces.

Spray the solution onto the surface and wipe it clean with a cloth or sponge. Vinegar helps to remove dirt, grease, and stains while also acting as a natural disinfectant.

2. Hydrogen Peroxide and Liquid Soap

Combine equal parts of hydrogen peroxide and liquid soap, such as dish soap or hand soap, in a spray bottle. This solution can be used to clean bathroom fixtures, kitchen countertops, and other areas where disinfection is necessary.

Spray the solution onto the surface, let it sit for a few minutes, and then wipe it clean with a cloth or sponge. Hydrogen peroxide acts as a disinfectant, while the liquid soap helps to lift dirt and grime.

3. Enzyme Cleaners for Deep Stains

Enzyme cleaners are effective for tackling deep stains caused by organic matter, such as food, urine, or blood. These cleaners contain enzymes that break down and digest the stains at a molecular level.

Follow the instructions on the specific enzyme cleaner product you choose. Typically, you’ll need to apply the cleaner directly to the stained area, let it sit for a specified period, and then blot or rinse it clean.

When using any wet cleaning method, it’s essential to test the solution on a small, inconspicuous area first to ensure it doesn’t cause any damage or discoloration. Additionally, follow any specific instructions provided by the manufacturer of the cleaning products you use.

Natural Remedies for Cleaning

Nature offers us an array of cleaning remedies that are not only effective but also eco-friendly. Let’s explore some natural remedies for cleaning your mattress:

1. Lemon Juice and Salt for Stain Removal

Lemon Juice

Lemon juice and salt can be used as a natural remedy for removing stains from various surfaces.

To utilize this method, mix lemon juice with a sufficient amount of salt to create a paste. Apply the paste to the stained area and let it sit for a few minutes. Then, gently scrub the stain with a soft cloth or brush.

Lemon juice acts as a natural bleaching agent, while the salt helps to lift the stain. This combination can be effective for removing stains on clothing, countertops, cutting boards, and other similar surfaces.

2. Tea Tree Oil for Disinfection

Tea tree oil is known for its antimicrobial properties and can be used as a natural disinfectant.

To use tea tree oil for cleaning, dilute a few drops of tea tree oil in water or a carrier oil, such as coconut oil or vinegar. Transfer the mixture to a spray bottle and use it to clean and disinfect surfaces, such as countertops, bathroom fixtures, and floors.

Tea tree oil can help kill bacteria, viruses, and fungi, making it a suitable natural alternative for maintaining a clean and germ-free environment.

3. Borax and Lavender for Odor Elimination

To eliminate odors naturally, a combination of borax and lavender can be effective. As a mineral compound, Borax has deodorizing properties, while lavender adds a pleasant scent.

Start by mixing equal parts of borax and dried lavender buds. Sprinkle this mixture on carpets, rugs, or upholstery, focusing on areas that tend to hold odors. Allow it to sit for a few hours or overnight, then vacuum thoroughly to remove the mixture along with any trapped odors.

The borax absorbs odors while the lavender provides a fresh fragrance, leaving your living spaces smelling clean and pleasant.

Remember to test these natural remedies on a small, inconspicuous area before applying them to larger surfaces to ensure compatibility and to avoid any potential damage.

Deep Cleaning Techniques

While a vacuum cleaner may not be available, there are still ways to achieve a deep clean for your mattress. These techniques ensure a thorough cleaning, removing deep-seated dirt, dust mites, and allergens:

1. Brushing and Vacuuming with a Bristle Brush

Bristle Brush

Brushing and vacuuming with a bristle brush is an effective method for deep cleaning various surfaces. This technique involves using a brush with stiff bristles to loosen and dislodge dirt, dust, and debris from the surface.

By vigorously brushing the area and following up with a vacuum cleaner, you can effectively remove the loosened particles. This technique is particularly useful for cleaning carpets, rugs, and upholstery, as the bristles help agitate the fibers and dislodge embedded dirt.

2. Beating and Sunning the Mattress

For deep cleaning a mattress, beating and sunning can be beneficial. Start by removing all bedding and linens from the mattress. Take the mattress outside and give it a good beating with a broom or a clean, padded object, such as a tennis racket. This helps dislodge dust, dead skin cells, and other debris that may have settled within the mattress.

After beating, place the mattress in a sunny area to air out. Sunlight has natural disinfectant properties and can help eliminate odors and kill some bacteria and mites. However, be cautious not to expose the mattress to direct sunlight for too long, as excessive heat can damage the materials.

Deodorizing and Refreshing Methods

Keeping your mattress smelling fresh and pleasant is an important part of the cleaning process. Here are some effective deodorizing and refreshing methods:

1. Sprinkling with Baking Soda and Lavender Oil

To deodorize and refresh various surfaces, you can sprinkle them with a mixture of baking soda and lavender oil.

Combine baking soda with a few drops of lavender oil in a container and mix well. Sprinkle the mixture liberally over carpets, rugs, upholstery, or any other surfaces that need freshening. Allow it to sit for a while, preferably a few hours or overnight, to let the baking soda absorb odors.

Then, vacuum thoroughly to remove the baking soda. Lavender oil provides a pleasant scent, while baking soda acts as a natural deodorizer.

2. Using Fabric Fresheners or Mattress Sprays

Fabric fresheners or mattress sprays are convenient options for deodorizing and refreshing surfaces such as mattresses, upholstery, and curtains. These products are available commercially and come in various scents.

Follow the instructions provided on the product label and spray the fabric freshener or mattress spray evenly over the desired surface. Allow it to dry completely, and the scent will help mask odors, leaving the fabric smelling fresh and clean.

Remember to check for any specific instructions or precautions mentioned on the packaging of commercial products or consult the manufacturer’s guidelines for homemade remedies to ensure safe and effective usage.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Can I clean a mattress without a vacuum cleaner?

Yes, you can clean a mattress without a vacuum cleaner. This guide provides alternative methods for mattress cleaning, such as dry-cleaning techniques, wet cleaning methods, and natural remedies.

How often should I clean my mattress?

It’s recommended to clean your mattress at least every six months. However, if you have allergies, spills, or noticeable stains, it’s advisable to clean it more frequently.

Can I use a carpet cleaner on my mattress?

It’s not recommended to use a carpet cleaner on your mattress, as the cleaning solutions and methods may differ. Stick to the mattress-specific cleaning methods outlined in this guide for best results.

How long should I let my mattress air out after cleaning?

After cleaning your mattress, it’s essential to let it air out completely. Depending on the climate and humidity, it may take anywhere from a few hours to a full day for the mattress to dry completely.


Cleaning your mattress without a vacuum cleaner is entirely possible. You can effectively remove dirt, stains, and odors, ensuring a fresh and clean sleeping environment. Remember to gather the necessary supplies, prepare the mattress, and choose the appropriate cleaning methods based on your specific needs.

Regular mattress maintenance is crucial for promoting hygiene, prolonging mattress lifespan, and enhancing sleep quality. So, make it a habit to clean and refresh your mattress periodically.

Author: Jessica

Jessica is a lover of both life and gardening. She loves to share his passion for both on social media. He often posts about his latest gardening projects, as well as tips and tricks for others who might be interested in starting their own gardens. She also frequently posts about the different aspects of his life that he enjoys, from spending time with friends and family to exploring new places.